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Scottish Ancestors

The Kings of Scotland
  1. Kings of Dalriada
  2. Fergus Mor c.500-501
  3. Domangart mac Fergus 501-507
  4. Comgall mac Domangart 507-538
  5. Gabhran mac Domangart 538-558
  6. Conall mac Comgall 558-574
  7. Aedan mac Gabhran 574-608
  8. Eochaid Buide 608-629
  9. Connad Cerr 629
  10. Domnal Brecc the Freckled 629-642
  11. Ferchar mac Connad 642-650
  12. Dunchad mac Conaing 650-654 (joint)
  13. Conall Crandomna 650-660
  14. Domangart mac Domnal 660-673
  15. Maelduin mac Conall 673-688
  16. Domnall Donn 688-695
  17. Ferchar Fota 695-697
  18. Eochaid Crook-Nose 697
  19. Ainbcellach mac Ferchar 697-698
  20. Fiannamail mac Conall 698-700
  21. Selbach mac Ferchar 700-723
  22. Dungal mac Selbach 723-726
  23. Eochaid mac Eochaid 726-733
  24. Alpin mac Eochaid 733
  25. Muiredach mac Ainbcellach 733-736
  26. Eogan mac Muiredach 736-739
  27. Aed Find the White 739-778
  28. Fergus mac Eochaid 778-781
  29. Eochaid the Venemous 781
  30. Constantine mac Fergus 781-820
  31. Oengus mac Fergus 820-834
  32. Drust mac Constantine 834-837
  33. Eoganan mac Oengus 837-839
  34. Alpin mac Eochaid 839-841
  35. Kings of Alba
  36. Kenneth I mac Alpin 841-859
  37. Donald I 859-863
  38. Constantine I 863-977
  39. Aed Whitefoot877-878
  40. Eochaid 878-889 (joint)
  41. Giric 878-889
  42. Donald II Dasachtach 889-900
  43. Constantine II 900-943
  44. Malcolm I 943-954
  45. Indulf 954-962
  46. Dubh 962-967
  47. Culen 967-971
  48. Kenneth II 971-995
  49. Constantine III 995-997
  50. Kenneth III 997-1005
  51. Malcolm II 1005-1034
  52.  Kings of Scots
  53. Duncan I the Gracious 1034-1040
  54. Macbeth 1040-1057
  55. Lulach the Simple 1057-1058
  56. Malcolm III Canmore Bighead 1058-1093
  57. Donald III 1093-1094
  58. Duncan II 1094
  59. Donald II 1094-1097 (joint)
  60. Edmund 1094-1097
  61. Edgar 1097-1107
  62. Alexander I the Fierce 1107-1124
  63. David I the Saint 1124-1153
  64. Malcolm IV the Maiden 1153-1165
  65. William I the Lion 1165-1214
  66. Alexander II 1214-1249
  67. Alexander III 1249-1286
  68. Margaret the Maid of Norway 1286-1290
  69. Interregnum 1290-1292
  70. John Balliol 1292-1296
  71. Interregnum 1296-1306
  72. Robert I the Bruce1306-1329
  73. David II 1329-1332
  74. Edward Balliol 1332-1338
  75. David II (again) 1338-1371
  76. Robert II 1371-1390
  77. Robert III 1390-1406
  78. James I 1406-1437
  79. James II 1437-1460
  80. James III 1460-1488
  81. James IV 1488-1513
  82. James V 1513-1542
  83. Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1567
  84. James VI 1567-1625
  85. Charles I 1625-1649
  86. Charles II 1649-1685
  87. James VII 1685-1689
  88. Mary II 1689-1694
  89. William II 1689-1702
  90. Anne 1702-1707

The Scottish Crown was formally merged with that of England by the Act of Union in 1707.

The Scottish Genealogy Society has an index of over 2,500 files which consists of 50 years of gathering. For a complete list of these family names Click Here.


Surnames & Naming patterns

by Jean Moore
In Scotland - as in the rest of Western Europe - there were four main ways of acquiring a surname:-

Patronymic - taking the father's Christian name e.g. Robertson

Occupation - e.g. Smith (the most common surname of all)

Locality - e.g. Wood

Nickname - e.g. White, Little.

Patronymics - Lowland names such as Wilson, Robertson, Thomson and Johnson are among the most common surnames in Scotland. 'Mac' names are also patronymic. MacManus - son of Magnus. 'Mc' is just a printer's contraction and has no significance as to etymology.

Occupation - Names which are derived from trades and occupations - mostly found in towns. The most common of these is Smith (the most common surname in Scotland, England and the USA) but other examples would be Taylor (tailor) Baxter (baker) and Cooper (barrel maker).

Locality - In Scotland the tendency is for people to be named after places (in England the tendency is the opposite). Examples of such names are Morton, Lauder, Menzies and Galloway.

Nickname - Names which could refer to colour or size, e.g. White, Black, Small, Little. Scottish names in this category include Campbell (meaning 'crooked mouth'). Another example of nickname - this time referring to the bearers origins - is Scott.

Naming patterns

People of all countries tend to use forenames which run in the family. In Scotland families not only use such names but they tend to follow naming patterns - the most common of which is:-

1st son - named after his paternal grandfather

2nd son - named after his maternal grandfather

3rd son - named after his father

1st daughter - named after her maternal grandmother

2nd daughter - named after her paternal grandmother

3rd daughter - named after her mother

Although this naming pattern was not always used, it can be a useful indication to genealogists. Unfortunately, this pattern is not used to the same extent today.

Origins of some Scottish surnames

Fraser - Originally De Frisselle, de Freseliere or De Fresel. The first recorded bearer of the name was Sir Simon Frasee who held lands in East Lothian. Fortunate marriages enabled the family to acquire lands all over Scotland. By such means they acquired Philorth in Buchan in 1375 - this became the chief seat of the Frasers. The family was raised to the peerage in the person of the first Lord Lovat. To the Gaels the chief of the Frasers is known as MacShimidh - 'son of Simon'.

Bruce - A locality name from Normandy - Brix near Cherbourg. The first recorded bearer of the name accompanied William the Conqueror and the second accompanied King David to Scotland to claim the throne. This was the family which produced Robert the Bruce and, although the royal line died out in 1314, the name Bruce is today among the hundred commonest Scottish surnames.

Robertson - a patronymic name. The first bearer of the name was Robert, grandson of Duncan the Fat (Donnchadh Reamhar). The family acquired lands in the central Highlands. However, the commonality of the name in Scotland can only be explained, not by any connection to the original family, but by the large number of people who adopted the name because it was their fathers' forename. In Gaelic the clan continues to be called Clann Donnacha - Duncan's children - from their descent from Duncan the Fat.

Stewart - an occupational name. It comes from the office of steward which was a position of importance under the Crown. Among alternative spellings of the name are Stuart and Steward. Mary, Queen of Scots favoured the spelling Stuart as there is no 'W' in the French language. To the Gaels the Stewarts are known as 'the race of Kings and Tinkers'.
Good Source for Scottish Genealogy