"St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, was named from 'Cole Abbey', from 'Golden Abbey', or from 'Cold Abbey', or 'Cold-by', from it's cold or bleak situation." [source: "Old & New London" by Thornbury & Walford
In the year 1666 the old church was destroyed in the Great London Fire, but was rebuilt 1671-1681.
Click here for the "Inhabitants of London in 1638 at St. Nicholas Cole Abbey"
"The name Cole Abbey is generally thought to be a corruption of “Cold Harbour”, a medieval type of lodging house for travelers which most likely was located close to the church. In the Victorian era it was sometimes called St Nicholas Cole Hole Abbey because the smoke from steam engines in the newly built underground came through a vent and blackened the building. Dedicated to St Nicholas, the fourth century Bishop of Myra in Asia Minor who became the patron saint of travelers and seamen, St Nicholas Cole Abbey is first mentioned in a letter of Pope Lucius II in 1144 and is considered to have been founded in that year . From the late 13th century the church is recorded as St Nicholas-behind-Fish Street and is clearly associated with the fish trade. A fish market existed in this part of London well before Billingsgate Market was founded; with the development of the fish trade during the reign of Richard I, a fish market was established near the church and fishmongers in the 16th century were buried in the church’s burial ground. During the reign of Elizabeth I, a lead and stone cistern fed by lead pipes from the Thames was set up against the north wall of the church; it was donated by a wealthy fishmonger who gave £900 “to bring Thames water (…) for the care and commodity of the fishmongers in and about Old Fish Street.” Until the Reformation the church had three chantries served by three chantry priests, and, as it was dedicated to St Nicholas, it preserved the tradition of a boy bishop officiating on the Feast of St Nicholas. With the reintroduction of Catholicism in England under Mary, following the reign of Edward VI, St Nicholas Cole Abbey was the first church in which the Mass was celebrated in Latin once again with a cross s and candles on the altar. A century later, however, the church passed into the patronage of the Puritan Colonel Hacker who commanded the guard at the execution of Charles I. A devastating event in the life of St Nicholas Cole Abbey was the Great Fire of London in 1666 when it was burned down." Source: http://www.culham.ac.uk/coleabbey/assets/pdf/
No one really knows how long the ancestors of the Sension family lived in England before coming to America. Matthias Sension and his wife, Mary Tinker Sension, left London from the vicinity of St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, and came to New England sometime between June 10, 1633 and September 3, 1634. Records show that this family was still living in London on June 10, 1633, this from baptismal entries for their son, Marke, at St. Nicholas Cole Abbey. Matthias Sension was made a Freeman on September 3, 1634 at Dorchester, Massachusetts, and we would like to imagine that Mary Sension did not set sail until she and the baby was making healthy progress after his birth. There are stories that say the Sension family, before residing in England, came from France. Perhaps they were Huguenots, but no records have been found to support that theory as I know of currently. A great many French protestants [Huguenots, starting about 1550] fled to England as they were being persecuted in France. J.P. Brooke-Little remarked that, "St. John is a very common parish name in France, and would probably sound like Sension." It is quite possible that the Sension name originated in France, as there is at least one record of a similar name being linked to France:
"John Senjohn under the command of General Disbrowe and in his own troop having obtained leave from the said General to go into France my own native country having been absent from thence this 15 years, now considering that my urgent occasions doth require my presence there for a certaine tymes and from thence by God's will to returne into England..." Various bequests were made to friends. No family connections were mentioned. Dated 7 April 1654, probated 29 March 1660."
|Matthias I & Mary } Matthias
II, Mark, Thomas, Samuel, James, and Mercy Sension
Matthias SENSION, as the American St. John family name was originally spelled, and his wife, Mary Tinker, came to New England before Sepember 1634, but after June 10, 1633. They settled first at Dorchester, Massachuetts. Matthias was made a freeman there on September 3, 1634. They soon after, removed to Windsor, Connecticut in about 1640, and then to Wethersfield, CT around 1648. In 1654 they moved to Norwalk, CT where his will was made on 19 October 1669 - recorded on 10 March 1669. The will mentions his wife, but does not name her.
The Will of 1623 of Robert Tinker, father of Mary Tinker Sension, and her sister Ellen, states that they were to share the legacy of a house in Winkfield, Berkshire, England, following their mother's death or remarriage. Matthias and Mary (Tinker) Sension resided in the parish of St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, where he was a chandler. They immigrated to New England, and were living at Dorchester by 3 Sept. 1634 when he was made a freeman of the Massachuetts Bay Colony. On 4 Jan 1635/6, the Town of Dorchester granted Matthias Sension a "great lot" of 20 acres "betwixt Roxbury and Dorchester at the great hill." On 16 Jan 1636/7, the Town ordered Matthias Sension and Thomas Sampford to "keepe the Cowes this yeere" and to "have for their pay in keepeing 5 shill[ings] the head." Some time in or before 1637, "Mr. Sention" was granted 2 acres of meadow land "beeyond the Naponset river." On March 18, 1637/8, called Matthew Sension, he received 3 acres in the neck and 2 acres of cow pasture. Shortly before 23 April 1638, Matthias sold his house in Dorchester to Mr. Henry Withington, and on that date, the Town ordered that Withington should have the swamp above and the swamp beneath adjoining the said house "that was Mr. Sensions." Withington also acquired Sension's three acres at the neck. Soon afterwards, Matthias and his family moved to Windsor, CT, where he resided on a one-acre home lot inside the Palisado, bounded by the burying place and the lands of Thomas Parsons and William Hill. He also owned a 6 acre home lot outside the Palisado, a 2 1/2 acre meadow tract, 3 1/4 acres in the great meadow , a 4-acre tract in Hoyt's meadow, 24 acres in the woods near Rocky Hill, and another tract on the east side of the Connecticut River. By 1648, Matthias Sension sold his land holdings in Windsor to Walter Gaylord and removed to Wethersfield, where he had a house lot at the extreme north part of the Commons (by the present Cove). He is doubtless "Sentyon the baker" of Wethersfield who owed an unspecified amount to the estate of Isaac Grosse of Boston in 1649. In about 1654, the Sension family moved once again, to Norwalk, CT, where Matthias Sension died January 1670, when his inventory was taken. He left a will dated 10 Oct. 1669, naming his youngest son, James, and "my wife his mother", sons Samuel Sention and Ephraim Lockwood, and leaving the residue of his estate to son Matthias (a double portion), and sons Mark, Samuel and Ephraim Sention. Source: For more information, see Jacobus, Old Fairfield, and the St. John genealogy.
|Mystery Michael Sension found, or a mistake in spelling - Hartford County, CT 1640's|
|More genealogy on this family - St. John forum - Red Thread Genealogy - ST. JOHN DNA ongoing project|
James and the "Tinker"
Our Robert Tinker? doubtful, but interesting
Robert Tinker b: abt 1565 in New Windsor, (now Windsor Castle), Berkshire, England, Died 02 Jun 1624 at New Windsor, Berkshire, England. At the time of his death, owned property in Clewer, Winkfield, Berkshire, Burnham, Buckinghamshire, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, and New Windsor. married first to Agnes Anne Berrington b: 10 Oct 1568 in Datchet, Buckinghamshire, England. Father: Thomas Berrington, Mother: Dorothy Mathew. married second to Mary Merwin b: 1575 in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England. Father: Thomas Merwin. Matthias Sension's wife was Mary Tinker, a daughter of Robert Tinker and second wife, Mary Merwin. Mary Tinker was baptized 6 August 1606 at the parish of New Windsor, in the town of Windsor, Berkshire. She married: Matthias Sention on 1 November 1627. Their first child, Matthias II, was baptized there on 30 November 1628.
Click on the names below for an image about the person. Hope to someday have every person listed for the 1st 4 generations, and have an image of record for each one [if possible]. If you see any errors or additions to make please do contact me by going to the genform site.Descendants of Matthias I (Sension) St. John - 4 generations
prepared by Betty Rhodes 2007
Generation 2: Matthias II Sension, born 30 Nov 1628 at New Windsor, Berkshire, England. He died Dec 1728 in Norwalk, Fairfield Co. CT. He married Elizabeth - no further information on Elizabeth.
Generation 3: John St. John, born abt 1654 Norwalk, Fairfield, CT. Married Joran Knutsdatter
Generation 4: Samuel II St. John b: 1703 Norwalk, Fairfield, CT d: 09 Nov 1777 Ridgefield, Fairfield, CT, married Sarah Northrup b: Jul 1702 d: 20 Jun 1731 m: 08 Mar 1726/27 2nd Wife of Samuel II, Mary Wallace b: 01 Dec 1714 Ridgefield, CT d: 06 Jan 1765 m: 08 Jan 1735/36 Father: James II Wallace Mother: Mary Hoyt 3rd Wife of Samuel II: Hannah Hyatt Hoyt b: Abt. 1720 d: 26 Apr 1765 m: 26 Apr 1765
Generation 2: Thomas St. John, baptised on 24 Oct. 1631 St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, England
Generation 3: Elizabeth St. John, born 16 Dec 1656, Norwalk, Fairfield Co, CT. Died 1732 Kensington.
Generation 2: Samuel I Sension, born 1639 Norwalk, Fairfield, CT. He died 14 Jan 1684 Norwalk, Fairfield Co. CT. Sam married Elizabeth Hoite Hoyt, in Sep 1663. She was born abt 1643, died 1706 Windsor, Fairfield, CT. Father: Walter Haite/Hoyt Note: for Hoyt history click here. Source: Edwin Hall's "The Ancient Historical Records of the Town of Norwalk, Conn". (Norwalk: 1847). Elizabeth, b. abt. 1643, m. Samuel Sention, September 1663, "the daughter of Walter Haite".
Generation 3: Sarah St. John , born: January 1664 - died: 5 January, 1685
Generation 2: Mercy Sention, Born 1640 Windsor, Hartford, CT. Died 1694 Windsor, CT. Married June 8, 1665 to Ephriam Lockwood, Born 1 Dec 1641 Watertown, Middlesex, MA, Died 01 Feb 1684/85 Norwalk, Fairfield Co., CT.
Generation 3: John Lockwood, Born 19, March 1665 Norwalk, Fairfield, CT. Died 1687
Generation 2: James Sension, Born 1649 Windsor, Fairfield Co., CT. Died 09 May 1684 Norwalk, CT. Married Rebecca Pickett, Born 30 Jun 1650 Stratford, CT. This couple had no known children.
Note: there is no evidence to suggest that the Sension bloodline connects with Oliver, or any other St. John of England.Genealogical Gleanings in England
Genealogical Gleanings in England by
Henry Waters 1907. Page 1420 -1421. - Will
of Oliver St. John
Page 1420 -1421. - Will
of Oliver St. John
[Children highlighted in blue font]
Oliver St. John of Bleishoe in the County of Bedford, gen. 13 march, 1625, proved 1 May 1626. To wife Alice (certain household stuff) and the desk in the chamber where she and I do usually lie, being over the kitchen, wherein many writings are, both of indentures and other things (the great trunk which was my first wife’s and the painted clothes only excepted). Certain bedding in the chamber where my mother did ly while she lived, called now my son Oliver’s chamber. Certain silver whereon her name and mine is set, or letters for the same, being bought by my brother (in-law), Mr. Robert Haselden. Furniture in house in Camoyes wherein Edward Clarke now dwelleth which I bought of Mr. Thomas Ansell when I purchased the said house and ground of him. She to have the use of those things during her life and to leave them in good order and repair to my son Oliver. To Dorothy Westland, my daughter, my great white silver beaker. To my daughter Judith two hundred pounds, one hundred in six months next after my decease and the other hundred at the day of her marriage or at the age of six and twenty years, also my lesser white silver beaker. To my daughter Elizabeth one hundred pounds, in two years after my decease, and four years parcel of my term of years which I have yet to come in my farm at Ripton which I hold of the Right Hon. the Earl of Bollingbrook; the lease to be kept by my loving brother in law Mr. Peter Bulkley, her uncle, one of my overseers. And I do further give unto the said Elizabeth St. John, my daughter, a little silver tun which we usually use which was her own mother’s. I do give unto Mary and Anne my two daughters, to either of them three score and six pounds, thirteen shillings and four pence in eighteen months after my decease, to be paid into the hands of my loving father in law Mr. Thomas Alleyne of Gouldington, my brother Mr. William Haselden and my good and loving wife their mother; which hundred marks apiece is in consideration of one hundred pounds which I received from my said brother William Haselden as part of the increase of one hundred pounds by him employed to my use in the East India adventure. Other gifts to them at eighteen or days of marriage. Certain real estate to son John St. John. And my executors are to pay unto my said wife (natural mother unto the said John) five marks yearly towards his education. To son Edward an hundred and three score pounds, three score to be paid unto him at the time of his coming out of his apprenticeship and the other hundred two years later. To my sister Frances Weales, to make her a ring, thirteen shillings four pence. To my mother in law Mrs. Mary Alleyn a double ‘duckett’. Gifts to brothers Mr. Robert Haselden and Mr. William Haselden. I do give to my loving brother Mr. Peter Bulkley my black mourning cloak which he hath at his house and thirteen shillings four pence in money to make him a ring. My loving friend Mr. Thomas Dillingham. The poor of Heyshoe and of Blettsoe. The poor of Over and Lower Deane. My eldest son Oliver St. John to be sole executor. And I do humbly desire the Right Hon., my Honorable Lord the Earl of Bollingbrook, together with my kind and loving friends Mr. Thomas Alleyn of Gouldington my wife’s father in law, Mr. Peter Bulkley, Mr. William Haselden and my loving nephew Mr. Samuel Browne to be my overseers. Wit: Peter Bulkeley, Judith St. John, Elizabeth St. John, Lawrence Mathewe.
| "[Oliver II] St
John was probably born about 1598. His father was Oliver
St John of Cayshoe in Bedfordshire; his mother Sarah Buckley from
the same county. Almost nothing is known of the elder St John,
but if rumours are to be believed then he was probably the bastard
son of either the second or third Earl of Bedford. This was claimed
by both the mother of St John's first wife, and the author of The
Good Old Cause. The Russell family was related to the
St John's of Bletso in Bedfordshire. Francis Russell,
Earl of Bedford married Margaret daughter of Sir John St John,
and thus he became the cousin of the Oliver St John who was created
Bletso in 1559. Supposedly, the Oliver that was the father of
the subject of this article was the grandson of the first Baron
St John of Bletso through the latter's son Thomas, but, as he
was probably an illegitimate Russell, undoubtedly some arrangement
was made with the Baron for Thomas to raise the young boy. The
St Johns had been an important family in Bedfordshire since the
early fifteenth century but because our Oliver's father was not
really a descendant he had little to do with this family during
his lifetime. Throughout most of his early life St John remained
much closer to Francis Russell, the fourth Earl of Bedford (1593-1641),
whom he probably knew as a boy." Source: Oliver
St. John: the 'dark lanthorn' of the Commonwealth
Looking at the various was to spell Senchon, Sension, Sention, or even Senjohn, this surname could have French OriginsSaint-Jean with French Origins
Coat of Arms: A blue shield with a bell held by two gold lions combatant.
Crest: Description not available
First found in Languedoc, where the family was seated since ancient times.Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Peter Gustavus Saint Jean settled in Philadelphia in 1848; Jean Antoine Jean settled in Louisiana in 1752; Pierre Armin Jean settled in Philadelphia in 1753.
Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations of the name Jean, including Saint Jean, Jean, Geon, Jeans, Jeane, Geans, Gen, Le Jean, Des Jeans, De La Geon, Saint-Jon, Saint-Geans and many more.
First found in Languedoc, where the family was seated since
|Henry St. John
Born: October 1608 at Battersea, Surrey
Died: December 1751 at Battersea, Surrey
|The tarnished legacy
Sension St. John
SENSION, Nicholas, Windsor, CT. He came from England in company with Joseph Alsoppe in a vessel called the 'Elizabeth and Ann', and was an early settler in Windsor. Other spellings noted are Senchion and St. John.
The most famous sodomy case in New England was that of Nicholas Sension of Windsor, Connecticut. In 1677, Daniel Saxton, a citizen of Windsor, Connecticut, charged Nicholas Sension with sodomy. Saxton was a neighbor and former employee of Sension. It was not until he was released from his position at the Sension household that Saxton came forth with the charge against his former employer. Although he denied that coupling with Sension, Saxton did bear witness to the fact that Sension had committed sodomy with another servant, Nathaniel Pond.whipped, forced to stand in public with a noose around his neck, and briefly imprisoned.Nicholas Sension was able to live within the community with only being reprimanded twice in nearly forty years before being tried for sodomy.
Sension had moved to Windsor, Connecticut in 1640. In Windsor, Sension became a prosperous merchant and farmer. He married a local woman in 1645, and was soon recognized as a prominent member of the Windsor community. For three decades, Nicholas Sension lived what appeared to be a normal life, according to Puritan standards. However, while all seemed normal on the surface, something was amiss in the Nicholas Sension household. Thirty years before he was tried for sodomy, Sension had been approached by the town elders. On this occasion, in the late 1640s, William Phelps had contacted a Horskins in regards to Sension. Phelps was concerned about the fact that Sension had been making sexual advances towards his younger brothers, Samuel and Nathaniel Horskins It came to light in the 1677 trial that this matter was dealt with in private at the house of Henry Clark. Horskins and Clark, both representatives of Windsor to the General Court, confronted Sension. Sension explained that he had acquired his “sodomitical” ways while at school and promised to control himself. Believing that Sension was sincere and felt remorse, the matter was then dropped.
Since Saxton had not engaged in sexual activity with Sension, the court pursued the question of Sension’s relationship with Nathaniel Pond. A difficulty for the prosecution was the fact that Pond was killed two years earlier in Metacom’s War, and therefore the only witness, other than Sension, was dead. Another difficulty for the prosecution was the fact that as the trial progressed it began to center on whether the act of sodomy had actually occurred. During the course of the trial, several young men came forward to testify about Sension’s sexual tastes and practices.Nicholas was only convicted of attempted sodomy. He was
MY QUESTION IS THIS:
Why is it that the Church saw fit to hang WOMEN for having premonition dreams and declared a witch deserving of hanging; while male sodomists only got a whipping?
Because most of the Church fathers were also molestors and sodomists themselves - by now you recognize that age-old pattern of church fathers.
Manor of Bletsoe [Source] St. John of Bletsoe Arms: Argent a chief gules with two molets or therein.
The Victoria County History asserts that the
Manor of Bletsoe
was the 2 ½ hides owned by Hugh de Beauchamp and that Judith's
Osbern was probably the same as Hugh's man Osbert. It suggests that
Judith's holding was absorbed by another manor and disappeared from
history. Whether this was so, or not, it is known that Osbert de
Breuil's descendant Robert de Broi granted land in Bletsoe to the
Hospital of Holy Trinity, Northampton in the early 13th century. His
daughter Margery married Walter de Patishull. Bletsoe Manor next passed
to Simon de Patishull, their son, who between 1247 and 1253 quitclaimed
land to John de Berdefeude. His grandson, also Simon de Patishull, died
in 1295 having previously enfeoffed his daughter Agnes and her husband
John de Pabenham the manor for their lives. On Agnes' death in 1313 the
manor passed to John de Patishull, son of Simon. John was succeeded by
his son William in 1349, who passed Bletsoe Manor to his sister Sybil,
wife of Roger de Beauchamp in 1359.
Barons St.John of Bletsoe
1. Oliver St.John, created 1559, died 1582;
Earls of Bolingbroke and Barons St.John
1 & 4. [i.e. 1st Earl and 4th Baron] Oliver St.John
8. Paulet St.Andrew St.John, died 1714;
Early ST. JOHNS taking on their
mother's maiden name
Husband: Adam De PORT
Born: ABT 1151, Basing, Northamptonshire, England
Died: 25 Jun 1213
Notes: This feudal baron was governor of the castle of Southampton in the 15th (1213-14) King John, and in the 22nd Henry II  he was fined 300 marks for trespassing in the king's forests. In the 26th of the same reign , he gave 1000 marks to the King for livery of his wife's inheritance in Normandy, and that he might be restored to the king's favour and do his homage. He m. Mabel, dau. of Reginald De Aurevalle, and grandchild and heir through her mother, Muriell, of Roger De St. John, and Cecily his wife, dau. and heir of Robert De Haye, Lord of Halnac, co. Sussex, and his posterity ever afterwards bore the surname of St. John. By this lady he had two sons, William and Robert. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 466, St. John, Barons St. John, of Basing]
Father: John De PORT
Mother: Maud St JOHN
Married 1: Wife: Mabel De AUREVALLE
1. Alice De PORT
2. William De St. JOHN
3. Robert De St. JOHN
Married 2: Wife: Sibyl De BRAIOSE (w. of William De Ferrers, E. Derby) AFT 1190, Bramber, Sussex, England
|GENERAL AND HERALDIC
DICTIONARY THE PEERAGES OF ENGLAND, IRELAND, AND SCOTLAND
By John Burke Published 1831 Original from Oxford University
ST. JOHN— BARONS ST. JOHN, OF STANTON ST. JOHN, IN THE COUNTY OF OXFORD.
By Writ of Summons, dated 24th December, 1264, 49 Henry III,
THOMAS DE ST. JOHN, of Stanton St. John, in the county of Oxford, was father of ROGER DE ST. JOHN, who, in the 22d Henry II., was amerced one hundred and thirty-three pounds, six shillings and eightpence, for trespassing in the king's forests, in the county of Oxford. This Roger was s. by his son, JOHN DE ST. JOHN, who was s. by his son, ROGER DE ST. JOHN. This feudal lord having taken up arms with the barons against King Henry III., was summoned to parliament after the victory of those lords at Lewes, on the 24th December, 1264, and appointed governor of the castle of Oxford. He was slain, however, the following year, at Evesham, where his party sustained so signal a defeat. His lordship m. — , sister of Richard de Lucí, by whom he acquired a moiety of the lordship of Wolnestede, to the county of Surrey, and had an only son, JOHN, who was never summoned to parliament, nor were his descendants. The BARONY OF ST. JOHN, OF STANTON, EXPIRED therefore with the first lord.
ARMS.— Ar. on a chief gules, two mullets or, and a file of three points of the field.
ST. JOHN— BARONS ST. JOHN, OF BASING.
By Writ of Summons, dated 29th December, 1299, 28 Edward I.
Lineage. At the time of the General Survey,
HUGH DE PORT held five lordships of the crown, in Hampshire, whereof BASING was one, and the head of the barony. He had also lands in the counties of Dorset and Cambridge. In the reign of Rufus, he took the cowl at Winchester, and was succeeded in his worldly affairs by his son. At the time of the General Survey. HENRY DE PORT, Lord of Basing, who was s. by his son, JOHN DE PORT, who, in the 12th of Henry II., contributed for his knights' fees (seven in number) to the assessment for marrying the king's daughter, fifty-seven marks. He was s. by his son,
ADAM DE PORT, Lord of Basing. This feudal baron was governor of the castle of Southampton, in the I5th of King John; and in the 22d Henry П., he was fined three hundred marks, for trespassing in the king's forests. In the 26th of the same reign, he gave a thousand marks to the king for livery of his wife's inheritance in Normandy; and that he might be restored to the king's favour, and do his homage. He m. Mabel, daughter of Reginald de Aurevalle, and grandchild and heir of Roger de St. John; and his posterity ever afterwards bore the surname of ST. JOHN. By this lady he had two sons, William and Robert. The elder, WILLIAM DE ST. JOHN, assuming that surname, wrote himself Willielmus de Sancto Johanne filius et haeres Adae de Port, and in the 15th John, gave five hundred marks to the king for livery of all the lands of Adam de Port, his father. The two following years he executed the sheriff'ss office for the county of Southampton : but was subsequently in arms with the other barons against the crown, and did not return to his allegiance until some time after the accession of HENRY III. He made his peace, however, effectually, for we find him in the 11th of that king, appointed governor of the islands of Guernsey and Jersey. He m. Godchild, daughter of N. Paganell, and was s. by bis son,
|RORERT DE ST. JOHN, who had
a military summons, in the 42d Henry III., to oppose the incursions of
the Welsh, and in three years afterwards, obtained a licence to fix a
pale upon the bauk of hie moat, at BASING; as also to continue it so
fortified, during the king's pleasure. In the 50th of the same reign,
he wae constituted governor of PORCHESTER Castle, and dying soon after,
was s. by his son, (by his wife Agnes, daughter of William de
JOHN DE ST. JOHN, Lord of Basing, who succeeded likewise to the governorship of Porchester Castle. This baron acquired high military reputation in the wars of EDWARD I. ; and in his capacity of lieutenant of Acquitaine, achieved some important conquests. In 1296, he took the city of Bayonne by assault, and its castle surrendered after a siege of eight days. Thence marching to BELLEGARD, at the time invested by the Earl of Arras, he was made prisoner, and conveyed to Paris ; being, however, redeemed, (it was said, by Alfonsus*, King of Castile,} he was again in the wars of Gascony, as well as in those of Scotland ; and was afterwards deputed ambassador to France, with John, Earl of Warren, and other persons of rank. He m. Alice, daughter of Reginald Fitz-Piers, and had issue, JOHN, his successor; William, who obtained from his father the castle of Beaumont, in Glamorganshire, and is considered the ancestor of the St. Johns of Bletshoe. The elder son, JOHN DE ST. JOHN, had been summoned to parliament as a BARON, in the life-time of his father, from 29th December, 1299, to 12th November, 1303, under the designation of "John de St. John, Junior," but afterwards as " St. John of Basing." This nobleman was eminent in the wars of Scotland, temp. Edward I. and Edward II. His lordship espoused Isabel, daughter of Hugh de Courtenay. and d. in 1329, was s. by his son,
HUGH DE ST. JOHN, second Baron St. John, of Basing, who d. in 1337, leaving, EDMUND, his successor; Margaret, m. to John de St. Philibert, and had a son, John, who d. in infancy; ISABEL, m. first, to Henry de Burghersh, who died s. p., and secondly, to Lucas de Poynings, who was summoned to parliament, it is presumed, "jure uxoris," 24th February, 1368. His lordship was s. by his elder son,
EDMUND ST. JOHN, third Baron St. John, of Basing, who dying in minority, 21st Edward III.. then a ward of the king, his sisters, MARGARET and ISABEL, became his heirs. The elder sister, Margaret, did not long survive, and her only issue, John de St. Philibert, dying an infant, the whole of the inheritance centered in the younger sister, Isabel, then married to her second husband, LUCAS DE POYNINGS, who in her right was summoned to parliament, and the BARONY OF ST JOHN, of Basing, was thus conveyed to the family of Poynlngs (see Poynings, Barons St. John).
ST. JOHN—BARONS ST. JOHN, OF LAGEHAM. By Writ of Summons, dated 21st September, 1299, 27 Edward I.
In the 46th HENRY III.
ROGER DE ST. JOHN obtained licence to fortify his house at Lageham, in the county of Surrey, and so to hold the same, whilst himself and his heirs should continue loyal to the king ; but within two years he joined the baronial standard, and, after the battle of Lewes, was one of the nine barons chosen to form the council of state. To this turbulent feudal lord succeeded, JOHN DE ST. JOHN, who had summons to parliament as BARON ST. JOHN, of Lageham, from 21st September, 1299, to 6th October, 1315. This nobleman was actively engaged in the Scottish wars, temp., Edward 1. and Edward II. His lordship d. in 1316, and was s. by his son, JOHN DE ST. JOHN, second baron, summoned to parliament from 1st August, 1317, to 18th September, 1322. His lordship was in the expedition made into Scotland, 11th Edward II., and dying in 1322, was s. by his son,
JOHN DE ST. JOHN, third baron, summoned to parliament from 1st August, 1327, to 18th February, 1331. This nobleman m. Katherine, daughter of Goffrey de Say, and d. in 1349, was s. by his son, ROGER DE ST. JOHN, fourth baron, who in the 25th Edward III, released to Sir Nicholas de Lovoyane, Knt., and Margaret, his wife, all his right in the manor of Lageham, and died shortly after, (in 1353,) issueless, leaving PETER DE ST. JOHN, his kinsman, his next heir: but none of the family were subsequently summoned to parliament. ARMS.—Ermine, on a chief gules, two mullets or.
|ST. JOHN — EARLS OF
BOLINGBROKE. by Letters Patent, dated 28th December, 1624.
SIR OLIVER ST. JOHN, of Penmark, in the county of Glamorgan, (of the family of St. John, of Stanton St. John,) m. Margaret [This lady espoused, secondly, John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, K.G., by whom she was mother of Lady MARGARET BRAUFORT, who m. Edward Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and had a son, Henry, EARL OF RICHMOND, who ascended the throne as HENRY VII. The Duchess of Somerset m. thirdly, John, VISCOUNT WELLES, K.G.], daughter of Sir John de Beauchamp, and sister and heir of John, Lord Beauchamp, of Bletshoe, and was father of
SIR JOHN ST. JOHN, K.B., of Bletshoe, whose great grandson, OLIVER ST. JOHN, was elevated to the peerage, in January, 1559, as BARON ST. John, of Bletshoe. The grandson of this nobleman, OLIVER ST. JOHN, fourth Lord St. John, of Bletshoe, was advanced, by letters patent, dated 26th December, 1624, to the dignity of EARL of BOLINGBROKE. His lordship m. Elizabeth, daughter and heir of William Paulet, grandson of St. George Paulet, a younger brother of William, first Marquess of Winchester, and had issue,
Oliver, Lord St. John, made Knight of the Bath, at the coronation of King Charles I. This nobleman fell, fighting under the royal banner, at Edgehill, 23rd October, 1624. He had m. Lady Arabella Egerton, daughter of John, first Earl of Bridgewater, and left four daughters, viz: Frances, m. Sir William Beecher, Knt., of Howberry, in the county of Bedford; Elizabeth, m. to George Bennett, Esq., of Cotsback, in Leicestershire; Arabella, m. to Sir Edward Wyse, K.B., of Sydenham, Devon; Dorothy, m. to Francis Carleton, Esq., of Apley Castle, Salop.
PAULET (Sir), made Knight of the Bath, at the coronation of King CHARLES I.; m. Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir Rowland Vaughan, of the Spital, near Shoreditch, in the suburbs of London, and dying before his father. He left, OLIVER & PAULET - both successively Earls of Bolingbroke; Francis, d, unmarried; Anthony, m. , ___daughter of Kensham, Esq., of Tameford; Dorothy, m. to John Carey, Lord Rochford, eldest son of Henry, Earl of Dover. His lordship d. in 1646, and was s. by his grandson, OLIVER ST. JOHN, second Earl of Bolingbroke, and fifth Lord St. John, of Bletshoe. His lordship m. Lady Frances Cavendish, daughter of William, Duke of Newcastle, but dying s.p., 18th March, 1687-8, was s. by his brother, PAULET ST. JOHN, third Earl of Bolingbroke, and slxth Lord St. John, of Bletshoe, This nobleman d. unmarried, 17th October, 1711, when the Barony of St. John, of Bletshoe, passed to the heir at law, Sir Andrew St. John, of Woodford, in the county of Northampton, and the Earldom of Bolingbroke, became extinct. Arms - Ar. on a chief gules two mullets pierced or.
ST. JOHN - BARON TREGOZE, OF HIGHWORTH By Letters Patent, dated 21st May, 1695.
Lineage: SIR OLIVER ST. JOHN, Baronet of Lydiard Tregone, was created Viscount Grandison, in the peerage of Ireland, temp,. James I., first president of Munster, and afterwards constituted lord deputy of that kingdom. His lordship returned, in the 20th of the same monarch, and by his majesty's successor, was made a peer of England, 21st May, 1696, in the dignity of BARON TREGOZE, of Highworth, in the county of Wilts. His lordship m. Joan, daughter and heir of Henry Roydon, Esq., of Battersea, and widow of Sir William Holcroft, but had no issue. He d. in 1629, when the Barony of Tregoze became extinct.
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